"Limb deformity" implies that rather than an arm or leg being straight, it is crooked, bowed, shortened, or all of the above. There are many different reasons for a limb to be deformed.
Reasons for Limb Deformity in Children
Sometimes a child can be born that way. This is called a congenital deformity. Examples of congenital limb deformities include congenital femoral deficiency, tibia hemimelia, or fibula hemimelia. Children with clubfeet can be considered to have a congenital limb deformity as well.
Some children may develop limb deformities associated with another condition that they have. For example, children who are born with dwarfisms such as achondroplasia often are bowlegged that can lead to future problems.
Other times, a limb deformity can be acquired, meaning it develops over time. Similar to congenital deformity, there are many reasons why an acquired deformity can occur. Some of the most common acquired limb deformities are due to fractures (broken bones) or infections. Other deformities occur due to an underlying problem with the bone. Children with rickets have weak bones due to less calcium and phosphate within the bones. Over time, the bones bend as they are weak. A hallmark of osteogenesis imperfecta (known as "brittle bone disease") are limb deformities associated with multiple fractures.
The limb deformity team at Children's Orthopaedics of Atlanta are specially trained to deal with your child's limb deformities. These deformities often require careful planning in order to have a successful outcome. There are many options available for correction, some more complex than others. Please schedule an appointment with us to learn what we can do to help your child.
As mentioned above, limb deformities may be centered around certain joints, or can be due to various conditions.
Please contact us today to address any questions you may have.