Scoliosis is a three dimensional twist of the spine that on an x-ray measures more than 10 degrees. There are many different types of scoliosis that occur in children of all ages.
Idiopathic literally translates to - unknown cause. The majority of children with scoliosis have this idiopathic type. There are some cases that occur earlier in life (early onset scoliosis), while most occur during puberty (adolescent scoliosis). Generally, this type of scoliosis exists in three different age groups:
- Infantile (Early-Onset) Idiopathc Scoliosis
- Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
- Juvenile Idiopathic Scoliosis
As congenital implies, this is a type of scoliosis that occurs due to the bones of the spine forming incorrectly. Some types are rapidly progressive while others are very slow. In some situations, congenital scoliosis may be associated with other conditions.
These types of scoliosis occur in children with neurologic diseases such as cerebral palsy, spina bifida, muscular dystophy, amongst others. In general, these curves occur due to relative weakness of the trunk muscles.
Our Orthopaedic surgeons are recognized experts in spinal surgery, leading the industry in Robotic as well as image guided spinal surgery techniques. Treatment options vary based on the type and size of the scoliosis as well as the age of your child. Whether your child needs spinal surgery or is a better fit for a cast or brace, our team will take careful consideration to observe your child's state and give you all of the support and options available to you.
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If your child has recently been diagnosed with scoliosis, schedule an appointment with one of the members of our COA spine team today.